Photography & georeferencing
The term georeferencing refers to the application of any kind of location detail to something. The more precise this information, the more value it is in terms of geospatial analysis and the more likely it is to tell us something about the natural history of a species.
- Example: compare the information conveyed by the simple country map with distribution points on an abiotic climate + altitude map
Geotagging is the process of adding geospatial coordinates to an image's metadata. Any photograph will record the principal components needed for a wildlife record (who, what, where & when), geotagging adds precision to that "where" component by providing lat/long coordinates.
- Google Earth: To determine the coordinates, simply place a marker on your location using Google Earth and read off the Lat/Long coordinates then add them to your image posting on your chosen site. (and the metadata of your image)
- Geosetter: A free application that may be of interest (see here)
- GPS receivers incorporated into your camera or mobile
- Handheld GPS devices which permit the recording of tracks